History of the Day for:
- 1493: Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Dominica.
- 1534: In England, Parliament met and passed an Act of Supremacy which made King Henry VIII head of the English church - a role formerly held by the Pope.
- 1796: John Adams was elected president.
- 1862: Dr. Richard Gatling patented the machine gun.
- 1868: John Menard of Louisiana became the first black elected to Congress.
- 1888: In London, Jack the Ripper murdered his last victim.
- 1896: Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah became the first female senator.
- 1900: The first?ever auto show in the U.S. opened in Madison Square Garden in New York City.
- 1936: President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president.
- 1952: Clarence Birdseye sold the first frozen peas.
- 1954: Linus Pauling won the Nobel prize in chemistry.
- 1957: The Soviet Union launched the first inhabited space capsule, Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika.
- 1961: The General Assembly unanimously elected U Thant acting secretary general of the U.N., following the death of Dag Hammarskjoeld.
- 1964: Lyndon Johnson was elected president by a huge margin over Barry Goldwater.
- 1992: Bill Clinton was elected president over George Bush. Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois became the first black female senator.
- 1996: Death of Abdullah Çatli, leader of the Turkish ultra-nationalist organisation Grey Wolves in the Susurluk car-crash, which leads to the resignation of the Turkish Interior Minister, Mehmet Agar (a leader of the True Path Party, DYP).
- 1997: the United States of America imposes economic sanctions against Sudan in response to its human rights abuses of its own citizens and its material and political assistance to Islamic extremist groups across the Middle East and Eastern Africa.
- 2007: Pervez Musharraf declares emergency rule across Pakistan. He suspends the Constitution, imposes a State of Emergency, and fires the chief justice of the Supreme Court.