History of the Day for:
- 1322: Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.
- 1586: Mary, Queen of Scots, was tried for conspiracy against Queen Elizabeth.
- 1834: Henry Blair patented a corn planter and became the first black to receive a U.S. patent. George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film.
- 1912: President Theodore Roosevelt was shot by a would-be assassin in Milwaukee. He was saved by his thick coat and a bundle of manuscript paper in his breast pocket.
- 1922: The first automated telephones began operating.
- 1926: Alan Alexander Milne's book "Winnie-the-Pooh" was released.
- 1933: Nazi Germany announced it would withdraw from the League of Nations and would take no further part in the Geneva Disarmament Conference.
- 1944: Erwin Rommel, the "Desert Fox," famous for his victories as commander of the Afrika Korp in World War II, took cyanide tablets and died before he could be arrested for making contact with anti-Hitler conspirators.
- 1947: Flying the Bell X-1 rocket-powered research plane, U.S. Air Force Capt. Charles Yeager became the first man to break the sound barrier.
- 1960: John Kennedy proposed the formation of the Peace Corps.
- 1964: Civil rights leader Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1986: Holocaust survivor and human rights proponent Elie Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1988: Naguib Mahfouz, an Egyptian novelist, became the first Arabic-language writer to win the Nobel literature prize.
- 1991: Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, held under house arrest for more than two years by her country's military rulers, won the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1994: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat shared the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1998: Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.