History of the Day for:
- 54: Roman emperor Claudius I died after eating poisoned mushrooms given to him by his wife, the Empress Agrippina.
- 1775: The Continental Congress formed the U.S. Navy and ordered a naval fleet to be built.
- 1792: The cornerstone of the White House was laid by George Washington. The "Old Farmer's Almanac" was first published.
- 1812: British forces under Sir Isaac Brock defeated the Americans at the Battle of Queenston Heights, Ontario, ending a U.S. attempt to invade Canada.
- 1843: B'nai B'rith was founded.
- 1860: The first aerial photograph in the U.S. was taken. "Boston as the Eagle and the Wild Goose sees it" was taken from a balloon 1,200 feet above the city.
- 1884: Greenwich was established as the universal time meridian of longitude from which standard times throughout the world are calculated (Greenwich Mean Time).
- 1903: Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" premiered in New York.
- 1943: Italy declared war on its former Axis partner Germany and the allied nations accepted the active cooperation of Italy.
- 1964: Three Soviet cosmonauts manning the world's first multi-seat spacecraft, Voshkod, landed safely after a 24-hour journey.
- 1972: A Uruguayan plane crashed in the Andes Mountains, and the 16 survivors resorted to cannibalism to survive for 69 days before they were rescued.
- 1987: Dolphins were first trained for use by the U.S. Navy in the Persian Gulf. Costa Rican President Oscar Arias was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1988: The Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ's burial cloth, was shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages.
- 1990: The first Russian Orthodox service in more than 70 years was held in St. Basil's Cathedral, next to the Kremlin.
- 1995: Joseph Rotblat was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for leading a campaign to ban nuclear weapons.
- 1999: The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).