History of the Day for:
- 1845: The U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md. opened.
- 1899: I.R. Johnson patented the bicycle frame.
- 1911: Chinese nationalist leader Sun Yat Sen proclaimed a Republic at Wuchang and began the revolution which overthrew the Manchu dynasty.
- 1933: The first synthetic detergent, Dreft by Procter & Gamble, went on sale.
- 1935: "Porgy and Bess," by George Gershwin had its New York premiere.
- 1943: Chiang Kai-shek was sworn in as the president of China.
- 1954: Ho Chi Minh entered Hanoi after French troops pulled out of the city.
- 1959: Pan American World Airways inaugurated the first round-the-world passenger air service.
- 1965: The "Vinland Map" was introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America, drawn about 1440 by Norse explorer Leif Eriksson.
- 1973: U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew resigned after being charged with tax evasion.
- 1982: The United States imposed sanctions against Poland after the Polish government banned the Solidarity trade union.
- 1985: Actors Yul Brynner and Orson Welles died. Brynner died of cancer at age 65; Welles died at age 70 of a heart attack.
- 1994: Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell were awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine.
- 1995: Israel began its West Bank pullback and freed hundreds of Palestinian prisoners under a deal with the Palestine Liberation Organization.
- 1995: Robert E. Lucas was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics.
- 1997: An Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74.
- 2006: The Greek city of Volos floods in one of the prefecture's worst recorded floods.