History of the Day for:
- 1522: Juan Sebastian Del Cano completed the first circumnavigation of the world; the last of Magellan's fleet returned to Spain.
- 1620: The Pilgrims left Plymouth, England, on the Mayflower.
- 1628: The Puritans landed in Salem, Mass.
- 1666: The Great Fire of London ended after destroying much of the city in a conflagration that began Sept. 2.
- 1716: The first lighthouse was built in the U.S. in Boston.
- 1776: The first submarine attack happened when the first American sub attacked the British warship Eagle in New York harbor.
- 1819: Thomas Blanchard patented the lathe.
- 1839: The Cherokee Nation was formed.
- 1866: Frederick Douglass became the first American black delegate to a national convention.
- 1899: Carnation processed its first evaporated milk.
- 1901: President William McKinley, the 25th president, was shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, N.Y. The president died eight days later.
- 1941: Jews six years of age and older were ordered to wear yellow Stars of David in Nazi-occupied areas.
- 1965: India invaded West Pakistan in an attack intended to prevent further Pakistani offensives against India in Kashmir.
- 1966: South African prime minister since 1958, Henrik Frensch Verwoerd was killed in parliament by Dimtric Tsafondas, a parliamentary messenger.
- 1970: Palestinian guerrillas hijacked four airliners traveling to New York from Europe.
- 1997: Diana, Princess of Wales, killed in a Paris car crash Aug. 31, was buried on an island at her ancestral home, Althorp House, near Great Brington, England.