History of the Day for:
- 1347: Calais, France, surrendered to Edward III of England in the Hundred Years War.
- 1460: Scottish King James II was killed during the siege of Roxburgh Castle by English troops.
- 1492: Christopher Columbus left Spain with three ships the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria - on the voyage that first took him to the New World.
- 1678: The first ship built on American soil was constructed by Robert LaSalle.
- 1769: The La Brea Tar Pits in California were discovered.
- 1795: The U.S. gained the Ohio Territory after signing treaties with Native American tribes.
- 1858: John Specke discovered Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile River.
- 1908: The subway in Philadelphia opened.
- 1914: Germany declared war on France, and Britain warned Germany not to invade Belgium in World War I.
- 1921: John Macready flew the first crop dusting airplane to dust a grove in Ohio to kill caterpillars.
- 1948: Whittaker Chambers accused former State Department official Alger Hiss of being part of a Communist underground movement - a charge he denied.
- 1956: Bedloe's Island, where the Statue of Liberty sits, was renamed Liberty Island.
- 1981: Air traffic controllers went on an illegal strike and two days later President Reagan fired them.
- 1987: The Iran-Contra hearings ended, with no link tying President Reagan to the scandal.
- 1997: Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria; 40-76 villagers killed.
- 2001: The Real IRA detonates a car bomb in Ealing, London, U.K injuring seven people.
- 2004: The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11 attacks.
- 2005: President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia.