History of the Day for:
- 1545: King Henry VIII's flagship, the Mary Rose, sunk at Portsmouth.
- 1553: After wearing the crown for only nine days, 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey was deposed as Queen of England and King Henry VIII's daughter Mary was proclaimed Queen.
- 1848: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia C. Mott held a women's rights convention where they introduced loose fitting trousers called bloomers.
- 1866: Tennessee became the first state to ratify the 14th Amendment, guaranteeing civil rights.
- 1867: Congress passed the third Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto.
- 1877: The first Wimbledon tennis match championship was held.
- 1899: The National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers was formed.
- 1939: Dr. Roy P. Scholz became the first surgeon to use fiberglass sutures.
- 1940: Adolf Hitler told England to surrender.
- 1941: The first Army flying school for blacks was dedicated in Tuskegee, Ala.; British Prime Minister Winston Churchill introduced a two-finger "V" for victory sign.
- 1942: "The Seventh Symphony" by Shastakovich was performed for the first time by Arturo Toscanini and the NBC Symphony Orchestra.
- 1945: The USS Cod saved 51 sailors from a Dutch submarine in the only submarine-to-submarine rescue.
- 1969: Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins began orbiting the moon.
- 1984: Lynn Rippelmeyer became the first female airline captain to fly a 747 across the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1985: High-school teacher Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire was chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride on the space shuttle.
- 1989: United Airlines flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 112 of the 296 passengers.