History of the Day for:
- 1535: A month after the Pope made him a cardinal, John Fisher was executed at Tower Hill in London after refusing to recognize King Henry VIII as supreme head of the English Church.
- 1772: England outlawed slavery.
- 1775: The first Continental currency was disbursed.
- 1815: Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated for the second and last time after his defeat at the battle of Waterloo.
- 1832: John Howe patented the pin manufacturing machine.
- 1847: The doughnut was first made.
- 1870: Congress formed the Department of Justice.
- 1874: The game of lawn tennis was introduced.
- 1940: Gen. Charles Huntziger of France signed the terms of surrender with Germany at Compiegne.
- 1941: Germany, Italy and Romania declared war on the Soviet Union; President Roosevelt signed the "G.I. Bill of Rights."
- 1970: President Nixon signed a bill changing the voting age to 21 from 18; the Supreme Court ruled juries of less than 12 were constitutional.
- 1977: Because of the Watergate scandal, John Mitchell became the first attorney general to serve prison time.
- 1978: Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered.
- 1992: The Supreme Court ruled "hate crime" laws violated free-speech rights.
- 2000: SkyTeam, the second largest airline alliance, is launched.
- 2002: An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.
- 2009: Washington Metro subway crash: Two Metro trains collide in Washington, D.C., USA, killing 9 and injuring over 80.