History of the Day for:
- 1778: The British withdrew from Philadelphia as American forces entered the city in the Revolutionary War.
- 1812: The United States declared war against Britain.
- 1815: Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated at Waterloo.
- 1873: Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for trying to vote in the previous year's presidential election.
- 1898: Dutch graphic artist M.C. Escher was born; Atlantic City, N.J., opened the Steel Pier.
- 1928: Amelia Earhart became the first female to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1948: The United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted its International Declaration of Human Rights; Columbia Records publicly unveiled its new phonograph record, which turned at 33 1/3 revolutions per minute.
- 1961: "Gunsmoke" was broadcast for the last time on CBS Radio.
- 1979: U.S. President Carter and Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev signed the SALT II treaty.
- 1983: Dr. Sally Ride became the first U.S. woman in space.
- 1985: The Wimbledon tennis seeding committee made both Chris Evert Lloyd and Martina Navratilova the No. 1 seed, marking the first time in the 63-year history of the Wimbledon Open that a first co-seeding was used.
- 1988: Vice President George Bush launched a sharp attack against Democratic presidential candidate Michael Dukakis, accusing him of allowing some convicts out of prison on weekend furloughs.
- 1996: Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts.
- 2001: Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India.
- 2006: The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched.