History of the Day for:
- 1634: Maryland was founded by English colonists sent by Lord Baltimore.
- 1865: Confederate forces captured Fort Stedman in Virginia.
- 1894: Coxey's Army, a band of more than 100 unemployed workers gathered by Jacob S. Coxey, set out for Washington, D.C., from Massilon, Ohio, to demand help from the federal government.
- 1913: The home of vaudeville, the Palace Theatre, opened in New York City.
- 1918: French composer Claude Debussy died in Paris.
- 1920: Howard Cohen, better known as sportscaster Howard Cosell, was born.
- 1934: Horton Smith defeated Craig Wood by one stroke in the first Masters golf tournament, held in Augusta, Ga.
- 1941: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia joins the Axis powers with the signing of the Tripartite Pact.
- 1954: Frank Sinatra received an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for his work in "From Here to Eternity"; RCA announced it was making color television sets. The sets, with 12 1/2?inch picture tubes, were priced at $1,000 each.
- 1957: The Treaty of Rome established the European Economic Community, known as the Common Market.
- 1965: The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 marchers to the state capitol in Montgomery, Ala., to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks.
- 1985: "Amadeus" and "The Killing Fields" led all other films at the 57th annual Academy Awards in Hollywood. Haing S. Ngor, originally a doctor in Cambodia, won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor ("Killing Fields") and became the first non-actor to win in almost 40 years.
- 1988: In New York City's "preppie murder," Robert E. Chambers Jr. pleaded guilty to first-degree manslaughter in the death of 18-year-old Jennifer Levin.
- 1992: Soviet cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returned to earth from the space station Mir after the upheaval in the USSR. He found the Soviet Union no longer existed.
- 1996: The U.S. issued a newly redesigned $100 bill.
- 1996: The European Union's Veterinarian Committee bans the export of British beef and its by-products as a result of mad cow disease (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy).
- 2006: Capitol Hill massacre: A gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood.
- 2006: Protesters demanding a new election in Belarus following the rigged Belarusian presidential election, 2006 clash with riot police. Opposition leader Aleksander Kozulin is among several protesters arrested.